Section 0: Cybernetic Eyes
Section 1: The Quick Guide to the VSM
Section 2: Case Studies
Hebden Water Milling 1985
Triangle Wholefoods 1986
One Mondragon Co-operative 1991
Section 3: Preliminary Diagnosis
Section 4: Designing Autonomy
Section 5: The Internal Balance
Section 6: Information Systems
Section 7: Balance with the Environment
Section 8: Policy Systems
Section 9: The Whole System
Section 10: Application to Federations
Appendix 1: Levels of Recursion
Appendix 2: Variety
The Viable System Model
How to design a healthy business: The
use of the Viable System Model in
the diagnosis and design of
in co-operatives and other
social economy enterprises
A manual for the diagnosis and design of organisational structures
to enable social economy enterprises and function with
increased efficiency without compromising democratic principles
Based on The Viable Systems Model Pack, originally published as part of
the SMSE Strategic Management in the Social Economy training programme
carried out by ICOM, CRU, CAG and Jon Walker with the financial assistance of
Directorate General XXIII of the Commission of the European Communities.
The original version was completed October 1991. This 3rd revised version incorporates new material.
This HTML version was constructed by , who also prepared the diagrams and the bibliography.
Copyright © 1991 by ICOM, CRU, CAG and Jon Walker. Copyright © 1998 by Jon Walker.
Version 3.0 - Last modified 9th August 2006